How To Create Your Own WordPress Theme? (Perfect answer)

Follow These Steps to Create WordPress Theme Initiate your WordPress Theme Development

  1. Step 2: Design a Header.
  2. Step 3: Design Menu.
  3. Step 4: Create and Stylize a Slideshow.
  4. Step 5: Edit Your Content (Main Area)
  5. Step 6: Design/Customize the Footer.
  6. Step 7: Add More Pages.
  7. Step 8: Export Your WordPress Theme.


How do I create my own theme?

To create a theme, follow these steps:

  1. Open the Theme dropdown menu near the top of the right side of the Theme Editor.
  2. Click Create New Theme.
  3. In the New Theme dialog, enter a name for the new theme.
  4. In the Parent theme name list, click on the parent from which the theme inherits initial resources.

How can I create a WordPress theme without coding?

Some WordPress page builder plugins — including Elementor — come with a theme builder feature to allow you to create a WordPress theme without writing any single line of code. You can create a WordPress theme using a drag-and-drop visual editor.

How do you make a WordPress theme from scratch for beginners?

Now let’s move on to the steps for creating a WordPress theme.

  1. Step 1: Make a folder to hold the files you’ll be adding.
  2. Step 2: Create the Custom Theme.
  3. Step 3: Activate the Theme.
  4. Step 4: Change the Settings in the index.
  5. Step 5: Dividing Your Page into Sections.
  6. Step 6: Create the functions.
  7. 4 Comments.

How can I create my own website theme?

To create a custom website theme, sign in to your nation’s control panel and click Websites > Theme. This will display thumbnails of all public themes. You can also browse all free public themes in the theme gallery. Clicking a thumbnail instantly changes the way your website looks.

Can you customize WordPress Themes?

To start customizing your WordPress theme, go to Appearance > Themes. On the page that opens, you can modify your WordPress theme in real time. On the left you will see a list of the available options and on the right a live preview of your site and how those changes will affect it.

How do I create a WordPress theme and sell it?

How to Sell WordPress Themes

  1. Step 1: Choose a Niche and Design Your Theme.
  2. Step 2: Develop Your Theme Using Responsive Design Principles.
  3. Step 3: Follow the WordPress Coding Best Practices.
  4. Step 4: Include Appropriate Theme Templates.
  5. Step 5: Create a User-Friendly Theme Options Page.
  6. Step 6: Create Clear Theme Documentation.

How easy is it to create a custom WordPress theme without any code?

The process for creating a content part is the same as it is for creating page templates. In your WordPress dashboard, click Templates > Add New and choose Section. Then use the widgets and content blocks to create the type of section you need.

How long does it take to build a WordPress theme?

Typically though, most custom theme development projects take about two to three weeks.

How do I make my WordPress theme responsive from scratch?

4 Steps to Developing Your First Responsive WordPress Theme

  1. Step 1: Create a Local Environment and Install WordPress.
  2. Step 2: Create a Folder to Store Your Theme and Its Files.
  3. Step 3: Create Essential WordPress Template Files and CSS Style Sheet.
  4. Step 4: Add Few Pieces of Codes.

How do I create a custom WordPress theme PDF?

Install WordPress and Create Template Files

  1. Create theme folder under directory /wp-content/themes/your own theme.
  2. Create the template files (index, header, footer, sidebar, single and page)
  3. Create function files.
  4. Save these files as. php in your theme folder.

Beginner’s Guide to Developing a WordPress Theme

In this post, we’ll go over the steps you need to do to get started with theme creation. After that, we’ll walk you through the process of developing a whole new custom theme from the ground up. To have anything done properly, you may have to take the initiative and do it yourself. There are a plethora of WordPress themes to choose from, but selecting one that has the precise appearance and functionality you want might be challenging. In fact, you could find yourself inclined to design your own theme instead!

Create a custom theme for WordPress is a reasonably simple procedure, thanks to the WordPress theme builder.

Furthermore, creating your own theme might be well worth the effort because it allows you to customize the appearance and functionality of your website.

An Introduction to WordPress Theme Development

Your website must be visually appealing as well as useful, so you go through the WordPress Theme Directory for inspiration and ideas. Unfortunately, nothing you see meets all of your standards, and you are unwilling to make any concessions to your original vision. Perhaps you need something distinctive that will distinguish your website from the competition, or perhaps you just do not wish to spend the money on a premium theme. At this stage, you might want to think about building your own theme from scratch.

  • Because of the platform’s intrinsic user-friendliness as well as the various tools accessible, practically anybody can develop a custom theme from scratch.
  • You’ll need two items to get started: one is a computer and the other is a printer.
  • Additionally, having a basic grasp of CSS and PHP is advantageous (if not necessary).
  • This is a template that has already been designed to work with WordPress.

What a Starter Theme Is (And Why You Should Use One)

A starter theme is a WordPress theme that is stripped-down and may be used as a starting point for creating your own. With a starter, you can build on a strong foundation without having to worry about the difficulties involved in creating a whole new theme from scratch. It will also assist you in understanding how WordPress functions by demonstrating the fundamental framework of a theme and how all of its components interact together. Many fantastic beginning themes are available, like Underscores, UnderStrap, andBones, to mention a few (just to name a few).

Because it simply provides the fundamentals, it is an excellent pick for novices. Furthermore, because this starting theme is being developed by Automattic, it is more likely to be secure, compatible, and well maintained in the long term than other themes.

How to Develop Your First WordPress Theme (In 5 Steps)

You’re finally ready to start working on your first theme now that you’ve completed the necessary preparations. As previously stated, we will be using a starter theme for the purposes of this walkthrough. If, on the other hand, you want to experiment with creating everything from scratch without using a template, you should feel free to do so. Be aware that this will require significantly more coding expertise and knowledge of web development.

  1. The first thing you’ll need to do is set up a local development environment for your application.
  2. A local site is a secure way to test and develop a theme without having to worry about how it will affect your live site.
  3. A local version of WordPress can be installed quickly and easily using this method, which is compatible with both the Mac and the Windows operating systems.
  4. You may then start the installer when it has been downloaded.
  5. There are no complicated steps to this process, and you’ll have your local WordPress site up and running in minutes.
  6. Download and install your Starter Theme in the second step.
  7. To be more specific, all you have to do is visit the website and name your theme.

You can add additional information, such as the author’s name, and provide a description for the theme in this section.

SASS is a preprocessing language for CSS that allows you to use variables, nesting, math operators, and other features.

When you’ve made your choices, you can click onGenerate, which will download a.zipfile containing your starter theme.

Once you’ve installed your theme, you can preview your site to see how it looks.

Step 3: Understand How WordPress Works Behind the Scenes Before you can customize your theme, you’ll need to understand the purpose of its components and how they fit together.

These files determine the layout and look of the content on your site.

WordPress determines which template files to use on each page by going through thetemplate hierarchy.

This isthe orderin which WordPress will look for the matching template files every time a page on your site is loaded. For example, if you visit the URL, WordPress will look for the following templates files in this order:

  1. Files that have the same slug as the slug, such as this-post
  2. Files that correspond to the post ID
  3. An assingle.php file that serves as a generic single post file
  4. A PHP archive file, such as archive.php
  5. The index.php file
  6. And so on and so on

Due to the fact that the index.php file is required by all themes, it is used as the default if no other file is discovered. Underscores is pre-loaded with the most often used template files, which are ready to use straight out of the box. However, if you want to get a feel for how they operate together, you may experiment with modifying them. You should also be familiar with The Loop, which is another crucial concept. As the code that WordPress utilizes to show information, it may be considered the beating heart of your website in many respects.

  • In order to have a better understanding of how WordPress displays post content, we recommend that you study up on the subject more.
  • Configure Your Theme in Step Four.
  • Let’s have a look at how you may make some simple adjustments to your website.
  • Hooks are code snippets that are introduced into template files that allow you to conduct PHP operations on different portions of a site, inject style, and show other information.
  • Even though the majority of hooks are integrated directly into the WordPress core, few of them are also beneficial for theme developers.
  • In header.php, the function wp head() has been added to theheadelement to allow for the immediate execution of styles, scripts, and other information
  • Wp head() wp footer()— This function was added to the footer.php file right before the/bodytag. In many cases, this is used to embed Google Analytics code. wp meta()— This function is often found in the sidebar.php file and is used to integrate extra scripts (such as a tag cloud). The comment form() function was added to comments.php just before the file’s closing/divtag to show the data from comments.

These will already be included in your Underscores theme, so no more work is required. While not required, we nevertheless encourage that you visit the Hooks Database to view all of the hooks that are available and to learn more about each of them. CSS may be used to add styles. Style sheets (also known as Cascading Style Sheets or CSS) are what define the look of all content on your website. This is performed in WordPress through the use of thestyle.css file. Despite the fact that you’ll already have this file included in your theme, for the time being it just offers the most basic and default styling options.

  • For example, the following code (which is generally found on line 485) can be found: A color: royalblue, for example.
  • Now that you’ve saved the file, go check out your local site.
  • This is due to the fact that it is really regulated by the following part of the stylesheet: a:visited with the color purple; This is a very simple demonstration of how editingstyle.css will impact the appearance of your website.
  • There are several materials available on the subject for those who are just getting started.
  • Take a backup of the theme and upload it to your website.
  • This may be ensured by running the theme through its paces.
  • This is a collection of dummy data that you can add to your website and use to test a variety of various design and content options.
  • When you’ve properly tested your theme and are confident that it fits all of the requirements, all that’s left to do is export it to your chosen platform.
  • Open the website’s folder and navigate to /wp-content/themes/, which is where your theme may be found.
  • Simply right-click on the folder and pick the option that allows you to compress it, for example, Compress “folder” from the context menu.

If you are extremely pleased with the outcome, you may even consider submitting your theme to the WordPress Theme Directory for consideration.


Developing a custom WordPress theme from the ground up is no minor undertaking. However, it is possible that the procedure may not be as onerous as you had previously anticipated. Almost anybody can develop a new theme by breaking the process down into parts and using the information available on the Codex documentation site.

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How to Easily Create a Custom WordPress Theme (No Code)

Do you want to develop a completely unique WordPress theme from the ground up? In the past, creating a custom WordPress theme necessitated the completion of time-consuming WordPress tutorials and the possession of basic coding skills. However, owing to the introduction of new WordPress theme builders, you may now simply create one without having to learn any programming skills. Here, we’ll demonstrate how to quickly and easily design a customized WordPress theme without having to write any code.

  • Creating a Custom WordPress Theme for Beginners
  • Creating a Custom WordPress Theme with the SeedProd Theme Builder
  • Using the SeedProd Theme Builder to make changes to a theme
  • Changing the Site-Wide Design for Your Theme is an option. Custom WordPress Theme Installation and Publish Your Custom WordPress Theme Customizing Your WordPress Theme by Creating Additional Layouts

Ready? Let’s get this party started.

Video Tutorial

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Creating a Custom WordPress Theme for Beginners

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Creating a Custom Theme with SeedProd Theme Builder

Because it works with any WordPress website and any theme, installing and configuring the SeedProd theme builder is a breeze. To begin, you must install and activate the SeedProdplugin on your computer. For further information, please refer to our step-by-step instructions on how to install a WordPress plugin (included). Please keep in mind that in order to use the theme builder, you must have at least the Pro or Elite subscription. To input your plugin license key, navigate to theSeedProd » Settings page after it has been activated.

  1. Following the successful entry of your license key, you will be able to begin creating your own WordPress theme using the SeedProd theme builder.
  2. In order to begin, you must first navigate to theSeedProd » Theme Builderpage.
  3. Because we haven’t begun yet, we just have a Global CSS template to work with.
  4. You have two choices on how to get started.
  • Consider beginning with a theme from the SeedProd library of pre-made designs. Creating theme templates from scratch by hand is an option.

Examine the operation of each of these alternatives. 1. Using a Pre-Configured Theme as a Base (Recommended) We recommend that you start with a pre-existing theme. SeedProd will be able to produce all of the template files as a result of this. The fact that they are fully-functioning, professionally-designed themes provides you an advantage when it comes to customizing the templates to your specific needs. Simply click on the Themes icon and select one of the themes that are currently available.

  1. At this time, you shouldn’t be concerned with the design or layout.
  2. SeedProd will generate all of the theme templates for you after you have selected a theme.
  3. Following this lesson, we’ll demonstrate how to update these theme files to create your theme, and then how to publish your theme so that it can be used on your website.
  4. Create Theme Templates From Scratch Using Manual Labor Alternatively, you may start from the beginning by selecting ‘Add New Theme Template’ from the drop-down menu on the right.

To get started, you’ll need to give your template a name and then select one of the template types from the drop-down menu. As of right now, you have the choice of selecting one of the following template types:

  • Head and footer, single post and single page, archive, search results, global part and custom page

You may also specify the criteria under which a template should be used. Consider the possibility of applying it to your full website or just a certain portion of your website. Once you have saved the template, SeedProd will open it in the theme builder, allowing you to begin modifying it right away.

Editing a Theme with SeedProd Theme Builder

After you have created your theme templates, you may customize them by utilizing the SeedProd Theme Builder to make changes. To make changes to a template file, simply click on the Edit Design link that appears underneath it. The template file will be opened in the SeedProd theme builder as a result of this. With an editing panel in the left column, you’ll be able to see a live preview of the template in the right column while altering the template. The editing of an item in your template file is as simple as highlighting it and clicking on it.

  • Fonts, colors, backgrounds, spacing, and other elements will all be customizable.
  • It comes with a number of different block kinds that you can use to customize your template.
  • Template Tag Blocks (also known as template tag blocks) Blocks containing template tag information are dynamic blocks that allow you to construct theme components from your WordPress database on the fly.
  • 2.
  • Among other things, you may use them to add text, media, buttons, columns, and dividers.
  • Other Advanced BlocksYou may use other advanced blocks to add contact forms, social profiles, sharing buttons, WordPress shortcodes, Google Maps, and other features to your website.
  • In order to incorporate WooCommerce blocks into your theme, you must be running an online store.
  • Making Use of Sections to Create Quick Theme Layouts In addition to adding blocks to your theme design, you can also include whole sections.
  • Sections are collections of blocks that are used to create various aspects of a website.
  • Simply click on a section to include it in your theme template, and then customize it to meet your specific needs by editing it.

Creating a backup and publishing This Is Your Template You can save your template by simply clicking on the Save button and selecting Publish after you are through with the design. To change other template files with your own content and design requirements, repeat the procedure as needed.

Changing the Site-Wide Design for Your Theme

During the process of modifying your theme templates, you should make certain that your design is consistent throughout the whole website. For example, you’d most likely want to utilize the same typography style, font sizes, colors, and other visual designs on every page of your website, if possible. Previously, you had to do it manually by modifying extensive CSS files, which was not possible with WordPress themes. This procedure necessitated the use of a browser’s Inspect tool, the discovery of CSS classes, the study of code, and other steps.

Rather than creating CSS code, you may just change the Global CSS template, which saves time.

Applying and Publishing Your Custom WordPress Theme

Having completed and approved your customized WordPress theme, the final step is to have it installed and activated on your WordPress website. SeedProd makes it simple to use your own custom WordPress theme by just switching on a switch. Simply navigate to theSeedProd » Theme Builderpage and choose ‘Yes’ from the drop-down menu next to the ‘Enable SeedProd Theme’ selection. After that, SeedProd will replace the existing WordPress theme with the custom WordPress theme that you have created yourself.

Creating Other Layouts for Your Custom WordPress Theme

As soon as you have completed the development of your custom WordPress theme, you will have the ability to expand its functionality as well as build other designs and layouts based on it. SeedProd makes it incredibly simple to do so. Nevertheless, you may make changes to your custom WordPress theme and build various templates for different areas of your website. For example, you could wish to include a new header template in your theme that is only visible on specified categories. Another example is the creation of a template for certain pages or articles on your website.

  • What do you think about designing customized landing pages?
  • To construct a landing page, just navigate to SeedProd » Landing Pages and click on the Add New Landing Page option.
  • You may quickly construct any sort of custom layout you want by utilizing SeedProd’s drag and drop theme builder, which is user-friendly for beginners.
  • You may also be interested in our tutorial on how to optimize your WordPress website for better search engine optimization and user experience.
  • On top of that, you can follow us on Twitter and Facebook.
  • This means that if you click on one of our affiliate links, we may receive a fee.

See how WPBeginner is supported, why it is important, and how you can help us by donating. The Editorial Staff at WPBeginner is a group of WordPress specialists, lead by Syed Balkhi, who provides guidance and support. Over 1.3 million readers around the world put their trust in us.

A beginner’s guide to develop your WordPress theme

If you have a basic understanding of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, creating and developing a theme in WordPress may be extremely straightforward. Although this is true, some beginners may also finish this task if they follow the proper directions. Nothing more than a properly setup development environment and theCMS (Content Management System) installed is required to get started. WordPressis one of the most frequently used open-source content management systems in the world, with around 34.7 percent of all websites running on it.

You may change the layout, boost performance, and provide a qualified experience for your audience using the site-building tools and numerous plugins and other resources available on the site’s platform.

Take a look at this:

  • In order to design a WordPress theme, what are the requirements? What are the primary processes involved in developing a WordPress theme
  • What tools may be used to assist in the creation of a WordPress theme

Do you want to continue?

What are the requirements to create a WordPress theme?

In order to design a WordPress theme, you must first set up a development environment that includes Apache, PHP, MySQL, and the WordPress software itself. WordPress may be downloaded from the official website; however, you must make sure that the database credentials are up to date. You’ll also need to understand the overall structure of the theme. To put it simply, a WordPress theme is a regular HTML page that, like any other, is composed of the following files: php.ini.php php.ini.php

  • Header.php stores the header code
  • Footer.php stores the footer code
  • Sidebar.php stores the code for the buttons that are added to the side of the page
  • Style.css controls the visual presentation of the theme
  • Index.php incorporates the settings displayed on the home page
  • Single.php contains the codes that display the article on its own page
  • Page.php contains the codes that display the content of a single page
  • Archive.php displays the list of articles that are archived
  • Archive.php displays
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Additionally, you will need to incorporate additional Bootstrap settings into your template in order to personalize it. In this post, we will walk you through the basic stages of customizing your website. Please see the section below.

What are the main steps to create a WordPress theme?

The methods outlined here will guide you through the process of creating a WordPress theme that can later be tweaked.

Create a folder to store the files you will add

If we are going to create a new theme, we must first determine where the theme’s files will be located in your local installation. This is a rather simple task. We already know that a WordPress installation typically includes a root directory, which is also known as the wordpress directory. The files and folders that we will show you below are located in this directory.


  • Composer.json
  • sindex.php
  • slicense.txt
  • sreadme.html
  • swp-activate.php
  • swp-blog-header.php
  • swp-comments-post.php
  • swp-config.php
  • swp-config-sample.php
  • swp-cron.php
  • swp-links-opml.php
  • swp-load.php
  • swp-login.php
  • swp-mail.php
  • swp-settings.php
  • swp-signup.php
  • swp-trackback.php
  • sxmlrpc.php


The folder we are looking for is wp-content, which contains the themes and plugins that have been installed. A folder named themes should be present, and it should include all of your WordPress site’s themes, including the one you will build so that the content management system (CMS) recognizes the new settings. Three other native folders are already present in the themes folder, each of which contains one of the three standard themes offered by WordPress. You must also create another folder, which you may name whatever you like, in addition to these two.

The new WordPress theme will be produced as a result of this process. In order for your new theme to function properly, it must be located within the “themes” folder. It will be possible to activate it and utilize it online in this manner.

Create the style.css and index.php files

Every WordPress theme has a set of files that must be present in order for it to function correctly. Create two files in your new Themes folder: one for the header and one for the footer.

  • Style.css is a WP demo file that is used to notify the author’s name, repository, and theme version
  • Index.php is the primary file that is used to load the posts that will be shown on the screen
  • And wp-config.php is the configuration file for WP. Aside from that, wp makes use of it whenever a WordPress base file is missing


Style.css is a declarative CSS file used by all WordPress themes and is required for all of them. It is in charge of the presentation of the website pages, including the visual design and layout. That is, you will enter information about the theme in this file, such as the theme’s name, author, author page, and version number (in this case, as we are not upgrading an existing theme but rather developing one from scratch, you may assign it version 1), among other things. Specifically, the following information has to be expressed in a consistent manner so that WP can recognize and utilize it: / * the title of the theme (this will appear in the list); the description of the theme the website that can be developed to display the functionality of the theme; it can also include a form that allows visitors to purchase the theme; the theme URI People will be able to contact you if they are interested in your topic if you provide your name as the author.

It is possible to include your website’s URI in this line of code if you have your own website.

Description: Include information about the theme, such as if it is appropriate for a certain sort of company, blog, e-commerce, or other application; 1.0.0 is the current version.


This file is in charge of compiling a complete list of all of the blog’s entries. To display them on the screen, you must make use of core WordPress features. Developers are accustomed to connecting databases and creating queries in order to retrieve material and show it; however, in this situation, native capabilities in WordPress are already available. To test whether something will appear in your theme when you activate it, create an index.php file and put anything on the command line to check whether it will appear in your theme.

/h1orh1 Custom Theme!

Activate the theme in the WordPress dashboard

Go to the WordPress Dashboard, click on “Appearance,” then on “Themes,” and see if the theme you made is among the alternatives that are presented. To verify that the information given in thestyle.cssfile is valid, select “Theme Details” from the drop-down menu. Once you have clicked on “Activate,” WordPress will take care of activating the new theme for you. You can then visit the website to see whether the settings have been implemented.

Change the index.php file settings

Return to the index.php command line and remove the content you just typed in order to see if your theme is working properly. After that, you must create a command line for WordPress that will get the posts from the database and display them on the page. In order for all files to be visible on the home page, it is necessary to retrieve the title of the post as well as its content. The “have posts” command notifies WP that it must search the database forblog posts. In the event that there are any new posts, they will be shown on the page.

  • Whiledo loop “have posts” must have a function named “the post” added to it in order for WP to show that file whenever it determines that the condition “have posts” is met.
  • As a result of this loop, WordPress scans for new entries and shows them on the page as necessary.
  • If this is not the case, the WP notifies the user that there are no posts.
  • h2a href=”?php”>while (have posts()): the post() “?php the permalink()”?php php the title()?/a/h2 the title()?php endwhile; else: echo’p the content()?php endwhile; else There aren’t any new posts!
  • Take note that two functions are utilized in their most basic form in this loop: “have posts” and “the post.” These are the two functions that are used in their most basic form.
  • True or false will be returned by this function: if it returns true, it indicates that there are posts available to be shown.
  • Using the “the post” function, you may extract the most recent post and make the required adjustments so that it is shown in chronological order on the theme’s homepage.
  • The “the content” function is responsible for associating the content with the file title that was previously inserted on the page.
  • To include a quick summary under the file title, along with the first 200 characters of the content, just substitute the “the excerpt” function for the “the content” function in the corresponding function.

Alternatively, you may create a new file in your theme’s folder that looks similar to “index.php” (you can even use the same line of code by copying and pasting the index.php loop and changing the “the excerpt” function to “the content”), and include it in your theme’s directory.

Add header and footer

In the same folder as your theme, where you previously placed the files style.css and index.php, you should create new files to use as templates. They are referred to as header.php and footer.php, respectively. It’s best practice to include wp head in all of your themes since this is a unique function that wraps up the output in theheadsection of your header.php file and makes it ready for use. In order to allow the installation of plugins to the site, it is recommended that this hook be used before the closing/headtag.


Following are some examples of how the footer.php file can close tags that were utilized in the functions:

Create the functions.php folder

It was at this point that four new file folders were added to the custom theme: index.php, style.css, header.php, and footer.php, all of which were created by hand. The next file you should create is called functions.php, and it is responsible for giving WordPress personality by allowing its command-line to override the default behavior of the CMS. There are several qualities to it, including the following:

  • Does not necessitate the use of a unique header text
  • Works only while the theme directory is active
  • Applies only to the currently active theme

It is necessary to use the following code to include or activate the CSS for your custom theme:

Which tools can help to create a WordPress theme?

Everything has been completed! Your theme has been developed and is fully functional, including the links that drive users to a separate page for each article that they read. In addition, you have already included the header, footer, and stylesheet for your custom theme in your HTML code and CSS. However, you must still provide other criteria on your website in order for the template to have its own distinct qualities. Many people feel that the functionality of a theme is just for aesthetic purposes, yet the theme’s functionality also has a significant influence on the performance of a website.

A large number of WordPress hooks are implemented directly in the WordPress core, but some are beneficial for theme authors as well.

There are several more types of hooks, which are discussed further below:

  • The wp head and wp footer tags are added to the header.php file just before the/body tag, allowing for the inclusion of Google Analytics information, for example
  • The wp meta tag is included in sidebar.php, allowing for the addition of scripts, such as a tag cloud
  • And the comment form tag is included in comments.php just before the/div tag, which displays the page comments
  • And the comment form tag is included in comments.php before the

In this article, you learnt the fundamentals of how to design a WordPress theme from scratch. Because website design is vital, especially for business applications, you may use lines of ready-made template codes in Bootstrap that will make the process of adding new features and functionality to your page much more straightforward.

And now that you know how to make your own WordPress theme, how about learning how to construct a corporate blog for your company to showcase your work? Take advantage of our free ebook!

How to Make a WordPress Theme in 6 Easy Steps (2021)

You’ve mentioned that you’d want to design your own theme. Exactly how to create a WordPress theme is covered in detail in this essay. WordPress is a widely used open-source content management system (CMS) that is used all over the world to create and administer websites. Additionally, with the help of the robust WordPress website builder software, you can utilize this platform to quickly and effectively establish a strong online presence and expand your business operations. WordPress is a no-brainer and the most straightforward platform to get started with.

The only way to gain a thorough understanding of how WordPress Themes work is to dive in head first and complete every task yourself.

By the conclusion of this course, you will know how to create a WordPress theme, will have a better understanding of how everything works together, and will be able to utilize WordPress at your convenience.

What is a WordPress theme, exactly?

When you use WordPress, a theme is a collection of files (graphics, style sheets, and code) that affects the appearance of your blog or website. Themes may control everything from the appearance of your website to the colors of its hyperlinks. However, themes are much more than just “skins” for your website; they serve a variety of functions. The use of a theme allows you to control the design of your blog rather than simply providing it with a look and feel. WordPress comes with a collection of pre-designed themes.

There are a number of reasons, though, why you might want to pick and install a new theme on your website, including the following: In order to improve the overall aesthetic appeal of your website.

This is done in order to give more design options.

Depending on your requirements, a theme may have features exclusive to your specialty that you will not be able to find anywhere else on the web.

So, why create your own WordPress theme?

The selection of a theme is one of the most important decisions to be made while developing or managing a WordPress website. Typically, you will have a variety of options from which to choose. It is possible to select a certain theme foundation and then a theme that is created on top of that framework, based on your requirements. The rest of the article may be found below. A large number of themes, both free and paid, are examined by the majority of customers before picking one that appeals to them and closely resembles what they seek.

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The most effective option, on the other hand, is to start from scratch and develop a custom theme.

Custom themes are the most effective approach to put your chosen design into life when you’ve discovered one that you like. When compared to using a third-party theme or a child theme, developing a custom theme has a lot of advantages over the other options.

  • A sense of belonging: You have designed a theme that is exclusive to your website. If your website is the only one that utilizes the theme, it stands out from the tens of thousands of others that use the same theme but a different color scheme. Improvements in Security: Because you’re utilizing fewer features and writing less code, your custom theme is less likely to have severe security vulnerabilities. Even while it’s probably impossible to be positive about problems, you aren’t reliant on a third-party vendor to issue a security or bug remedy on your behalf. In the event that you come across them, you may take care of them. There is no overabundance of features: Custom themes do not necessitate the inclusion of a bevy of features that you will never use or require. All of these unwelcome features add a large amount of executable code to your website, which may cause it to load more slowly than necessary. The use of plugins should be strictly regulated: In particular, this is true for the plugins you use to edit and arrange your content. This can lessen the theme’s reliance on third-party plugins while also speeding it up by removing the requirement to inject plugin code at runtime into the theme’s template. Nevertheless, not all plugins are capable of being integrated due to the limitations of the functionality they give. Small-sized static files: This reduces the overall page size and guarantees that no more CSS rules or JavaScript code is delivered and served than is absolutely necessary. Because every piece of content in a custom theme has already been customized for your design, you won’t have to write a lot of code to make it more customizable. Your website may become heavier and slower as a result of all of this alteration code, particularly if done poorly. Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is a phrase that refers to the practice of making a website more visible to search engines. A custom theme is often very minimal on source code, with little to no new code being included. There is a significant SEO benefit to using lean coding since it makes the websites extremely lightweight. The use of a custom theme is always the ideal answer, since there are several frameworks and themes devoted to speed that are available.

What are the prerequisites for developing a WordPress theme?

To get started, you’ll need to create a website. It is not necessary to choose a specific location. You do not need to be familiar with PHP or have any prior WordPress experience to use this plugin. However, in order to build a WordPress theme, you’ll need a development environment with Apache, PHP, MySQL, and WordPress already installed. WordPress can be downloaded from the website, but you’ll need to modify the database credentials before you can use it. You must also be familiar with the theme’s organizational structure.

A WordPress theme is made up of the following files:

  • Header.php – a file that contains the code for the header
  • Footer.php – a file that contains the code for the footer
  • Sidebar.php – a file that contains the code for the buttons on the side of the page
  • Style.css – a file that manages the theme’s aesthetic appearance
  • Index.php – a file that contains the settings provided on the main page
  • Footer.php – a file that contains the code for the footer php files are divided into several categories: single.php contains code for displaying an individual article on its own page
  • Page.php contains code for displaying the content of a single page
  • Archive.php displays a list of items in the archive as well as a list of the categories that the user has defined
  • Functions.php contains code for enhancing theme functionality, such as logos, menus, color schemes, thumbnails, scripts, and stylesheets
  • Functions.php includes code for displaying a list of In PHP, an error code of 404.php indicates that the requested file could not be found.

Additionally, you’ll need to add specific Bootstrap options into your design in order to make it more personalized. In this post, we’ll guide you through the very first stages of customizing your website. Take a look at the list below.

Step 1: Make a folder to hold the files you’ll be adding

If we’re going to create themes, we’ll need to know where the files that make up a WordPress theme are located in a WordPress installation. This is a straightforward assignment. We already know that the root directory of a WordPress installation is typically comprised of the WordPress directory. The following is an image of our root directory. Files:

  • Composer.json
  • sindex.php
  • slicense.txt
  • sreadme.html
  • swp-activate.php
  • swp-blog-header.php
  • swp-comments-post.php
  • swp-config.php
  • swp-config-sample.php
  • swp-cron.php
  • swp-links-opml.php
  • swp-load.php
  • swp-login.php
  • swp-mail.php
  • swp-settings.php
  • swp-signup.php
  • swp-trackback.php
  • sxmlrpc.php

Themes is a folder that may be found under the wp-content directory. Because of the position of your new theme in the “themes” folder, it will be possible to activate and utilize your theme on the internet without difficulty. Also contained within this folder are one or more themes that can be used in conjunction with your WordPress website. The rest of the article may be found below.

Step 2: Create the index.php and style.css files

When you’re through building your theme folder, you’ll need to generate two extra files: index.php and style.css, which are both required. In terms of style, just the Theme Name is essential. CSS is required in order for WordPress to discover and list your theme, allowing you to activate it.

  • Customtheme is a WordPress theme created by author WPlift. Author URI:1.0 is included in the theme’s name.

In this example, we just assign our theme a Theme Name, an Author, an Author URI, and a Version number to it. However, if you want a more professional-looking theme, you might include the following information: It is always necessary to provide a theme name in your submission. If you do not specify a folder name, the name of the folder will be used, which in this example is my-custom-theme. Theme URI – this should take viewers to a website where they may learn more about the theme in greater depth.

  1. Author URI– You may use this field to include a link to your personal or corporate website.
  2. Description– Version numbers assist developers in keeping track of changes and ensuring that customers are utilizing the most up-to-date version of a product or service.
  3. Although you may pick how your theme is licensed, if it is not GPL-compliant, you will not be allowed to distribute it on the WordPress platform.
  4. Text Domain — When converting your theme into different languages, the text-domain is used to help you out.
  5. The fact that the theme folder and text-domain should both be the theme name separated by hyphens rather than spaces is sufficient for the time being to know what to do next.
  6. They are not used elsewhere.

Despite the fact that none of the fields are absolutely required, they are strongly suggested if you want your theme to seem professional in the WordPress administration. They’re also necessary if you’re planning on distributing your theme through the WordPress platform.

This file is used by WordPress to load the posts that will be shown on the screen. WordPress will also utilize the base file in the event that one is not present.

Step 3: In the WordPress dashboard, activate the theme

Navigate to the WordPress Dashboard, click on “Appearance,” then “Themes,” and check to see if the freshly created theme is shown among the available options. Go to “Theme Details” to double-check that the information you put in the style is valid and complete. The CSS file is at the proper location. Go to the Themes page on WordPress and manage your themes from there. Click ” Activate” to activate your new themes in WordPress, and then check to see whether the changes have been implemented on the website.

Step 4: Change the settings in the index.php file

Return to the index.php command line and delete the content you just wrote in order to see if your theme is functional. After that, build a command line for WordPress that will allow it to get the posts from the database and display them on the page. Please restore the title and content of the post so that all of the files may be displayed on the front page of the website. The “have posts” command informs WP to search for blog posts in the database when the command is executed. If any new listings become available, the page will be updated accordingly.

While performing the loop “have posts,” a function named “the post” must be introduced to the while doing loop “have posts” in order for WordPress to display that file whenever the “have posts” condition is satisfied.

When a database has posts, all actions inside the loop will be completed for any post files that are detected when they are being discovered in reality if the database contains posts.

Take a look at the code in the following section: ?phpif (have posts()): the post();?phpif (have posts()): the post();?phpif (have posts()): the post();?phpif (have posts()): the post();?phpif (have posts()): the post();?phpif (have posts()): the post();?phpif (have posts()): the post(); “?php the permalink()”?php the title()?/a/h2?php the content()?php echo’p There are no new posts!

  1. endwhile,else In this loop, two functions, “have posts” and “the post,” are used in their most basic form, with the exception of “the post.” If any of the posts in the database need to be repeated, the “have posts” technique should be used.
  2. If the function returns false, there are none.
  3. The fact that this is a loop means that if the function returns true, every time a new post is published, it will be immediately attached to its predecessor’s.
  4. The “the permalink” function establishes a link to each individual post, allowing readers to get the information without having to browse through the full content on the main page of the website.
  5. As a consequence, when a user clicks on the link, they are only presented with the entire document.
  6. New files should be created in the same folder as your theme, such as the files in the next step, where the files style.css and index.php are already present.
  7. wp head is a special function that wraps up the output in the header.php file’s headsection, hence it’s recommended that you include it in all of your themes.

In order to make it easy to integrate plugins into the site, this hook should be inserted just before the closing /headtag; otherwise, this hook may be used to add styles, scripts, or meta components to the headregion.

Following are some examples of how the footer.php file can close tags that were utilized in the functions:

Step 6: Create the functions.php folder

The custom theme now consists of four file folders: index.php, style.css, header.php, and footer.php. These are the files that make up the theme. The next file you should create is functions.php, which provides WordPress personality by enabling users to override the CMS’s default behavior via the command-line interface. The following are some of its distinguishing characteristics:

  • It is not necessary to have a distinct header text
  • Only works when the theme is active
  • Only applies to the current theme

It is necessary to use the following code to include or activate the CSS for your custom theme:

Wrapping It Up

It has been completed! Your theme was well-designed, and the links that direct visitors to a page dedicated to each content work flawlessly in their execution. In addition, you’ve already included the header, footer, and CSS for your custom theme in your HTML code. In this course, you covered the foundations of developing a WordPress theme from scratch. For websites, especially for commercial applications, the design is critical. Bootstrap makes it simple to add lines of ready-made template scripts to your page, which makes it easier to add new features and functionality.

Are you interested in learning more about WordPress?

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