How To Create WordPress Theme From Scratch? (Best solution)

Steps for Creating WordPress Theme from Scratch by Coding

  1. Step 1: header. php File. You need to put this code in the header.
  2. Step 2: index. php File. The main file index.
  3. Step 3: Sidebar. php File.
  4. Step 4: footer. php File.
  5. Step 5: style. css File.


How long does it take to build a WordPress theme from scratch?

Typically though, most custom theme development projects take about two to three weeks.

How can I create a WordPress theme without coding?

Some WordPress page builder plugins — including Elementor — come with a theme builder feature to allow you to create a WordPress theme without writing any single line of code. You can create a WordPress theme using a drag-and-drop visual editor.

How do I create a custom WordPress theme PDF?

Install WordPress and Create Template Files

  1. Create theme folder under directory /wp-content/themes/your own theme.
  2. Create the template files (index, header, footer, sidebar, single and page)
  3. Create function files.
  4. Save these files as. php in your theme folder.

How do I create a WordPress theme from scratch 2020?

Steps for Creating WordPress Theme from Scratch by Coding

  1. Step 1: header. php File. You need to put this code in the header.
  2. Step 2: index. php File. The main file index.
  3. Step 3: Sidebar. php File.
  4. Step 4: footer. php File.
  5. Step 5: style. css File.

Is it hard to create a WordPress website?

While the technical part of setting up a WordPress website isn’t really complicated, knowing what to put on your website and how to make it work for you can be a little bit more difficult. Here’s ten easy steps to getting started on WordPress. Simply follow these and you’ll be up and running in no time at all.

How do I make my WordPress theme responsive from scratch?

4 Steps to Developing Your First Responsive WordPress Theme

  1. Step 1: Create a Local Environment and Install WordPress.
  2. Step 2: Create a Folder to Store Your Theme and Its Files.
  3. Step 3: Create Essential WordPress Template Files and CSS Style Sheet.
  4. Step 4: Add Few Pieces of Codes.

How do I create my own theme?

To create a theme, follow these steps:

  1. Open the Theme dropdown menu near the top of the right side of the Theme Editor.
  2. Click Create New Theme.
  3. In the New Theme dialog, enter a name for the new theme.
  4. In the Parent theme name list, click on the parent from which the theme inherits initial resources.

How do I create a WordPress theme and sell it?

How to Sell WordPress Themes

  1. Step 1: Choose a Niche and Design Your Theme.
  2. Step 2: Develop Your Theme Using Responsive Design Principles.
  3. Step 3: Follow the WordPress Coding Best Practices.
  4. Step 4: Include Appropriate Theme Templates.
  5. Step 5: Create a User-Friendly Theme Options Page.
  6. Step 6: Create Clear Theme Documentation.

How easy is it to create a custom WordPress theme without any code?

The process for creating a content part is the same as it is for creating page templates. In your WordPress dashboard, click Templates > Add New and choose Section. Then use the widgets and content blocks to create the type of section you need.

How can I create my own website theme?

To create a custom website theme, sign in to your nation’s control panel and click Websites > Theme. This will display thumbnails of all public themes. You can also browse all free public themes in the theme gallery. Clicking a thumbnail instantly changes the way your website looks.

How do I modify a WordPress theme?

To do that, go to Appearance » Themes from the left sidebar of the WordPress admin panel. On this page, you need to hover the mouse cursor over the theme you want to use and then click on the Activate button to change the WordPress theme.

How to Create a WordPress Theme from Scratch

When it comes to selecting a WordPress theme for your website, you have a plethora of alternatives to pick from. Perhaps the most effective strategy is to avoid the prepackaged themes available on the market and instead create your own. When it comes to the appearance and functionality of your website, creating your own theme gives you total control. It has the potential to elevate your project to the next level. To demonstrate how to construct a WordPress theme from the ground up, we’ll teach you how to design a theme from scratch today.

And you might be thinking why you would want to go to all of the trouble of creating your own WordPress theme in the first place.

Advantages of Custom WordPress Theme Development

A custom-built theme is much more than just a pretty face on a website. And there are advantages to be obtained just about everywhere you look. In order to alter certain components, you will not have to pull apart another developer’s code if you start from scratch, for example. At the same time, you aren’t constrained by the options that the theme’s creator has included in the theme itself. Aside from that, there might be some big improvements in the overall performance of the site. There are many scripts and styles included with readymade themes, some of which may go unused.

This can help to decrease bloat and speed up page load times.

All in all, it’s about creating a WordPress theme that is tailored to the specific requirements of your project — nothing more, nothing less.

So let’s have a look behind the scenes at how to design your own WordPress theme!

WordPress Theme Development for Beginners

WordPress theme creation might be overwhelming for those who are just getting started. That’s understandable given the scope of the issue and the numerous alternatives. You could also be feeling overwhelmed if you’ve ever looked into the source code of a pre-made theme before. There’s a lot to take in at once. One method of shortening the learning curve is to begin with the most fundamental concepts. You see, if you understand what it takes for a WordPress theme to function properly, you can build on that understanding one block at a time.

The Basic Skills Required for WordPress Theme Development

First and foremost, you do not need to be a seasoned programmer to design and develop your own custom WordPress theme. Advanced computer science expertise is not required to complete this task. To get started, you need have a basic grasp of the following languages: English, Spanish, and French. In addition to this, JavaScript has not been abandoned. It is frequently utilized and is required for advanced capabilities to work properly. However, for individuals who are just getting started with WordPress themes, this isn’t absolutely required at this moment.

The most important conclusion is this: don’t be terrified of what you don’t understand. It turns out that creating a WordPress theme is an excellent opportunity to hone your talents in these areas as well. The more you practice, the more you will gain knowledge and understanding.

Bookmark the WordPress Theme Developer Handbook and Other Tutorials

A developer’s best buddy is a well-curated collection of useful resources. We can all benefit from additional assistance, whether it’s in the form of reference material to help you locate the functionality you’re looking for or a guided training. WordPress theme development materials may be found in abundance on the internet. However, there are a handful of specific points we’d like to draw attention to:

Theme Developer Handbook

An extensive amount of built-in functionality for themes is included with the WordPress platform. The fact that nearly everything you could ever want to do with your own theme already exists makes it quite convenient. All you need to know is where to look for it and how to make use of it. This document will serve as the de facto reference point during your journey as a theme developer. It covers everything from the fundamentals of how a theme works to a comprehensive list of features. You’ll find yourself returning to this resource again and time again as a result of its value.

Course: WordPress Theme Development (Core Concepts)

This free course, written by our own David Hayes, will take you on a tour of the fundamental ideas of building a WordPress theme from start to finish. You’ll learn the fundamentals of getting started, such as the WordPress template hierarchy, the loop, and how to make use of the functions.php file’s powerful functionality. Its simplicity and inclusion of elements to help you retain and reinforce what you’ve learned make it a fantastic choice for beginners. It works perfectly as a counterpoint to the Theme Developer Handbook.

Study the WordPress Template Hierarchy

What is a WordPress theme, and how does it differ from one another? As a matter of fact, you might be astonished to learn that a theme can be constructed using as little as two files:

  • Index.php– This file serves as a template for your theme to show content
  • Style.css — This file is used as the primary stylesheet for your theme.

Isn’t it a little on the bright side? In order to provide a little more versatility, a “barebones” theme might additionally incorporate the following elements:

  • Header.php – This file displays the header section of your website on each page
  • Footer.php – This file displays the footer portion of your website on each page
  • It defines optional functionality for your theme, such as enqueued scripts and styles, as well as PHP code snippets, and so on
  • Functions.php

These files may, in principle, be used to operate a whole website entirely on your own computer. However, we frequently wish to further modify things. When it comes to creating templates in WordPress, theWordPress Template Hierarchycomes into play. When working with WordPress, the Hierarchy provides a mechanism to develop custom templates for different sorts of content. Suppose you wish to alter the appearance of blog entries (single.php) or add special functionality to your site’s About Us page (single.php) (page-about-us.php).

Templates can be used to target certain post types (for example, archive-music.php) or the whole home page of your website (front-page.php).

Simply said, if you want to build a responsive WordPress theme from the ground up, you must be familiar with the Template Hierarchy structure. Check out theVisual Overviewto have a better understanding of how things function before you start digging in too deep.

Understand That a Template File Can Be as Simple or Complex as You Wish

Consider the source code of one of those popular do-it-all WordPress themes, and you may be surprised by how complicated it is to read. Moreover, while we might discuss whether or not the theme is well-built, there is no dispute regarding the complex coding that is included therein. A WordPress theme template, on the other hand, does not have to be overly intricate. Consider the followingexampleof anindex.phptemplate from the WordPress Theme Developer Handbook, which has been modified to include some explanatory comments: ?php get header(); / This function calls the header.php file in the theme.

  • / Do we have any new content to publish on our website?
  • Let’s display the content of our post using the content() function.
  • else: / If we don’t have any posts, we’ll show a custommessage at the bottom of the page.
  • endif; / OK, we can stop browsing for posts for the time being.
  • get footer(); / This function calls the footer.php file in the theme.
  • Only the area of the template titled “The Loop” is truly necessary.
  • However, if your project necessitates it, it has the capability of being integrated into something much more sophisticated.

Tools and Techniques to Help You Create Your Own WordPress Theme

Finding methods to ease the process of learning how to design a WordPress theme from scratch is essential when learning how to do so – especially in the beginning. Attempting to take on too much at once might lead to frustration and disappointment. Fortunately, there are a variety of tools and strategies that may be really beneficial.

Utilize a WordPress Starter Theme

While it is absolutely feasible to start your code editor with a fully blank screen and build a responsive WordPress theme from the ground up, this is not a very effective method of creating themes. At least not when it comes to project work that must be completed in a timely way. As a result, WordPress starter themes such as Underscores, which are quite popular among developers, have become incredibly popular. They’re designed to offer your theme project a head start by taking care of the essentials, such as the following:

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Theme Templates

A basic beginning theme will have theme templates that cover elements that are often utilized by the user. For example, you’re likely to encounter templates for the following documents:

  • Index and fallback (index.php)
  • Header (header.php)
  • Footer (footer.php)
  • Post archives (archive.php)
  • Single posts (single.php)
  • Sidebar
  • Search results (search.php)
  • Index and fallback (index.php)
  • Index and fallback (index.php

However, depending on the beginning theme bundle you pick, this may or may not be the case, but it should give you a general sense of what to anticipate.

Basic Styles and Layouts

In order to save you time, a WordPress starter theme must be installed. This can save you several hours of work. So the CSS styles that will be supplied will most likely be simple and non-opinionated in their approach. They provide a framework within which you may customize the appearance and layout to meet your specific requirements. This may also feature responsive styles, which will assist you in developing with mobile devices in mind, if applicable.

What you are unlikely to encounter are any styles that have been highly polished. Why? The aim is to assist you in building from the ground up, rather than tearing down what is already in place and beginning over from scratch.

Helpful Functionality

It is possible that a WordPress starter theme will offer some useful features in addition to the standard layouts and styles. For example, there might be features that make it easier to navigate on mobile devices or that improve accessibility. Providing you with the bare essentials and allowing you to take over from there is the objective once again.

Customize Your Starter Theme

Do you want to increase the efficiency of your WordPress theme development even further? Create a customized version of your initial theme that you can return to time and time again for inspiration. To put it simply, it is the process of adding scripts, styles, and other features that you would normally use in all of your projects. This will save you the time and effort of having to add these elements in each time you start a new website. Consider the following scenario: you have a mobile navigation system that you enjoy using.

From now on, whenever you begin a new project, the necessary setup is already completed on your behalf.

Keep a Code Snippet Library

On the other hand, while designing a WordPress theme, there may be small pieces of functionality that you only use once in a while and that you don’t want to lose. It might be a custom post query or code that enhances the functionality of a WordPress plugin. It should not be necessary to recreate these goods from scratch on a regular basis. Creating a code snippet library might be a useful resource in these types of circumstances. It doesn’t matter if you store them as GitHub gists or as a text file; you’ll have simple access to code anytime you require it.

This will save you the time and effort of looking for the answers!

Want to Know How Something Works? Check Out the Default WordPress Themes

The default themes that come packed with WordPress (such as Twenty Twenty, Twenty Nineteen, and so on) may also be a useful resource for you as you embark on your theme creation adventure. These themes are more likely to make use of the most recent and greatest WordPress features as soon as they are made available. If you’re wondering how to design wide-aligned Gutenberg blocks, for example, Twenty Twenty has that information pre-installed for you. Additionally, features like as the Theme Customizer and even customized menus are not exempt from this rule.

As a result, even if you are not utilizing a basic WordPress theme for your website, you may still benefit from them by reading their documentation.

Yes, You Can Create Your Own WordPress Theme!

To be honest, starting started with WordPress theme creation may be a difficult endeavor. However, by beginning with the fundamentals, you will be able to progressively master the tricks of the trade. Eventually, as your abilities grow, you’ll find yourself better prepared to deal with more difficult implementations as they arise. One thing to bear in mind is that even experienced theme creators require assistance from time to time. Because of this, tools such as the Theme Developer Handbook and tutorials such as this one are extremely beneficial to you.

A WordPress starter theme might be of tremendous assistance in this situation. Hopefully, this guide has been helpful to you on your journey—and that it has provided you with the inspiration to design your own WordPress theme. Wishing you the best of luck! The image is from of

How To Develop A WordPress Theme From Scratch – Beginners Guide

To have anything done properly, you may have to take the initiative and do it yourself. However, while there are several WordPress themes available, selecting one that has the precise appearance and functionality you want may prove to be challenging. In fact, you could find yourself inclined to design your own theme instead! Getting started with theme creation might be intimidating, especially for those who are just getting started. If you have a basic understanding of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, creating WordPress themes may be a breeze.

By the conclusion of this course, you will know how to create a WordPress theme, will have a better understanding of how everything works together, and will be able to utilize WordPress at your convenience.

What are the Requirements to Create a WordPress Theme?

First and foremost, you must install WordPress on your computer. If you don’t know how to install WordPress, you may refer to our installation tutorial here. Additionally, you may download WordPress from the official website, but you’ll need to alter the database credentials beforehand. You do not need to be familiar with PHP or have any prior WordPress experience to use this plugin. However, in order to build a WordPress theme, you’ll need a development environment with Apache, PHP, MySQL, and WordPress already installed.

An HTML page that contains the following files is the simplest form of a WordPress theme.

  • It includes the code for the theme’s header section. Header.php is located in the theme’s root directory. In this file, you will find code for the Main Area as well as a directive indicating where the other files should go to be included. This is the primary theme file
  • It contains all of the other files. information about the sidebar.php – this file includes information about the sidebar. footer.php is responsible for the footer area. style.css is a CSS file that is responsible for the styling of your theme. The files single.php and page.php contain code for displaying the content of a single page
  • Archive.php and archive.php contain code for displaying a list of items in the archive, as well as the categories that the user has defined
  • And archive.php contains code for displaying the content of an archive page. functions.php– This file includes functions that increase theme functionality, such as logos, menus, color, thumbnails, scripts, and stylesheets
  • It also contains functions that allow you to customize your theme. This is an error number that indicates that the requested file could not be located
  • It is written in PHP.

After that, we’ll go over the procedures for designing a WordPress theme.

Step 1: Make a folder to hold the files you’ll be adding

In WordPress, everything you do will be in the wp-content folder, with the exception of setting the software; everything else is core code, and you don’t want to tamper with it. In any case, if we’re going to create themes, we’ll need to know where the files that make up a WordPress theme are located within a WordPress installation. A WordPress installation is often organized into a WordPress directory, which serves as the root directory. Take note of how the root directory appears in the screenshot below: Files:

  • Index.php
  • slicense.txt
  • sreadme.html
  • swp-activate.php
  • swp-blog-header.php
  • swp-comments-post.php
  • swp-config.php
  • swp-config-sample.php
  • swp-cron.php
  • swp-links-opml.php
  • swp-load.php
  • swp-login.php
  • swp-mail.php
  • swp-settings.php
  • swp-signup.php
  • swp-trackback.php
  • sxmlrpc.php

Using Finder, navigate to the folder named wp-contentthemes to find your themes directory. You’ll notice the WordPress default themes –twentynineteen, twentytwenty, and twentytwentyone– as well as the index.php file on your computer. Make a new directory just for your theme.

Step 2: Create the Custom Theme

There are just two files required for a WordPress theme to exist: style.css and index.php. As a result, once you have completed the construction of your theme folder, you must generate two extra files: index.php and style.css, which are required. Style.css is nothing more than a statement that informs WordPress that a theme is now active. In all themes, this file is essential since it includes the information header for your particular theme. Change the name, the author, the description, and so on and so forth.

  • It is always necessary to provide a theme name in your submission.
  • Theme URI – this should take viewers to a website where they may learn more about the theme in greater depth.
  • Author URI– You may use this field to include a link to your personal or corporate website.
  • Description– Version numbers assist developers in keeping track of changes and ensuring that users are using the most up-to-date version of a product.
  • Only a few extra fields are added to style.css, and none of these fields are considered strictly necessary.
  • In the example below, we have simply set the following attributes to our theme: Theme Name, Author, Author URI, Description, Version number, and Tested up to (the most recent major WordPress version that the theme has been tested with).
  • Every theme requires this file, which serves as the primary template file.

Your theme has been successfully generated. Go to the WordPress dashboard and select AppearanceThemes from the drop-down menu. This particular theme will be available for viewing in the collection that contains all of the default themes.

Step 3: Activate the Theme

Following the steps outlined above, navigate to the WordPress Dashboard, select “Appearance,” then “Themes,” and check to see if the newly created theme is shown. Go to “Theme Details” to double-check that the information you put in the style is valid and complete. After that, activate the theme and return to your primary URL. As a result, you’ve theoretically already made a custom theme for yourself. It doesn’t accomplish anything currently that isn’t already possible with a static HTML site, but you’re all set up for the time being.

Step 4: Change the Settings in the index.php file

To see if your theme is functional, return to the index.php file and write a command-line for WordPress to use to fetch the posts from the database and display them on the page. Please restore the title and content of the post so that all of the files may be displayed on the front page of the website. The “have posts” command informs WP to search for blog posts in the database when the command is executed. If any new listings become available, the page will be updated accordingly. If this is not the case, the message associated with the negative response condition that we specified in the code will be shown (false).

The “the post” function retrieves the most recent post and performs the necessary alterations so that it appears in the proper chronological order on the theme’s home page.

Using the “the content” function, the content is connected to the file title that has been placed on the page.

Instead of using the “the content” technique, you may use the “the excerpt” method to include a brief description under the file title that contains the first 200 characters of the content.

Step 5: Dividing Your Page into Sections

At the moment, everything is contained within index.php. However, it goes without saying that we want the header, footer, and sidebar to be the same throughout all of the pages. Consequently, we will break index.php into two parts – header.php and footer.php – as follows: In all of your themes, it is a good idea to include the function wp head, which is a specific function that wraps up any output in the header.php file’s headsection. Due to the fact that this hook may be used to integrate styles, scripts, or meta components into the headregion, it is recommended that it is put before the closing /headtag in order to make the process of adding plugins to the site more seamless.

If you want them, you’ll need to break the index.php file into other files such as sidebar.php, content.php, and so on. Whereas the sidebar has all of the secondary information, the content section contains all of the articles and other primary material of the website.

Step 6: Create the functions.php file

The index.php file contains all of the information at the moment. Although we want all pages to be consistent in terms of their header, footer, and sidebar, this isn’t always the case. To do this, we’ll split index.php into two sections: header.php and footer.php In all of your themes, it is a good idea to include the function wp head, which is a specific function that wraps up any output into the header.php file’s headsection. Due to the fact that this hook may be used to integrate styles, scripts, or meta components into the headregion, it is best if it is entered before the closing /headtag to make it easier to add plugins to a site.

It is common for websites to include material such as archives, tags, categories, and advertisements on the side of the page.

Adding them requires dividing the index.php file once again into sidebar.php, content.php, and other subdirectories as needed.

How to Build a WordPress Theme from Scratch: the Basics – SitePoint

The file structure of the WordPress theme will be covered in detail in this article, as will the process of creating a basic WordPress theme from scratch. In the first installment of this series, we covered the basics of WordPress theming as well as the basic vocabulary associated with WordPress theme creation. This lesson covers WordPress post kinds, thestyle.cssstylesheet, WordPress filter and action hooks, thewordpress loop, and conditional tags. We also had a quick look at the file structure of a typical basic WordPress theme file.

Creating the Bare Minimum Theme

Installation of a plugin that will allow us to produce WordPress articles and other material in bulk will be the first step we take. We’ll be able to swiftly fill our development website without having to spend a lot of time doing it this way. One such plugin, FakerPressbyGustavo Bordoni, is accessible in the WordPress plugin repository and may be downloaded for free from the official website. We can rapidly install and activate the plugin using the WP-CLI command line interface. When we enter into the administration dashboard, we’ll find that FakerPress has been installed, and we’ll be able to produce all forms of content in bulk, including any custom post types that we may have.

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Using the TwentySeventeenWordPress theme as a starting point, the following is the result: Now, we quickly dive in and put up a bare minimum theme that comprises of the catch-allindex.phpfile andstyle.css, which are required by the WordPress templating engine in order for the theme to be recognized as such: This is thestyle.css, which for the time being consists only of meta CSS comments.

  • The index.php file is located here.
  • / head bodyheader h1?phpbloginfo(‘name’);?/ h1 h3?phpbloginfo(‘description’);?/ h3 header?phpwp head();?
  • / header the post();endwhile;endif;?/ if(have posts()): while(have posts()): the post();endwhile;endif;?/ body We will now upload and activate the bare-bones theme that we have.
  • If we go to our website right now and open it in a browser, we will see the following: There is no doubt that we have work to do.
  • The bloginfo() method is used to display information about a website.
  • The Loop is covered in great length on the Codex page dedicated to it.
  • We need to fill thatwhileloop with content — or with WordPress tags that produce content — before it can be closed.
  • what is the ID();?

the title();?/ h2 divclass=” post-excerpt “?phpthe excerpt();?/ div / div?phpendwhile;endif;?phpendif;?phpendwhile;endif;?phpendwhile;endif;?phpendwhile;endif;?phpendwhile;endif;?phpendwhile;endif;?phpendwhile;endif;?phpendwhile; The following set of posts will now appear on our main page, with no styling applied: WordPress by default displays A blog page, which serves as an archive page for all of the blog articles.

Suppose we now go to a single post URL — something like — we’ll see something similar to the following: Our loop, despite its rudimentary design, is functional.

Structuring Our Theme into Files and Applying Bootstrap Markup

We’ll now build partials, such as header.php and footer.php, as well as many specialty templates, all of which will be styled using Twitter Bootstrapmarkup to make it easier to style. In the first file, index.php, we use the get header() and get footer() methods to alter all of the text before and after the loop: ?phpget header();?phpif(have posts()): while(have posts()): the post();?divid=” post-?phpthe ID();?” h2?phpthe title();?divid=” post-?phpthe ID();?” ?/ h2 divclass=” post-excerpt “?phpthe excerpt();?phpthe excerpt();?phpthe excerpt(); ?/ div / div?phpendwhile;endif;?phpget footer();?phpendwhile;endif;phpendwhile;endif;phpendwhile;endif;phpendwhile;endif;phpendwhile;endif;phpendwhile;endif;phpendwhile;endif;phpendwhile;endif;phpendwhile;endif;phpendwhile;endif;phpendwhile;end This indicates that we must include all of the stuff in the partials that we previously indicated.

In accordance with what we previously stated — that we would be using the Twitter Bootstrap style — the following will be the contents of our header.php file: ” width=device-width, initial-scale=1 ” metacharset=”?phpbloginfo(‘charset’);?” metaname=” viewport “content=” width=device-width, initial-scale=1 “?php?!DOCTYPEhtml html head The functions phpwp head();?

?navclass=”navbar navbar-default navbar-custom navbar-fixed-top ” navclass=”navbar navbar-default navbar-custom navbar-fixed-top ” container-fluid=”divclass=”container-fluid” divclass= divclass= divclass= divclass= “” ahref=”?phpechoesc url(home url(‘/’));” navbar-header page-scroll ” ahref=”?phpechoesc url(home url(‘/’));” navbar-header page-scroll ” ahref=”?phpechoesc url(home url(‘/’));” navbar-header page-scroll ” ahre -” ulclass=”nav navbar-nav navbar-right “?phpwp nav menu ulclass=”nav navbar-nav navbar-right ” (array(‘theme location’=’primary’,’items wrap’=’percent 3$s’), array(‘theme location’=’secondary’); – divclass=” row “; divclass=” row “; The following is how our footer.php file will look: divclass=”container” title=”Container” divclass=” row “; divclass=” row “; divclass=”col-lg-8 col-md-10 mx-auto ” / div / div / div / footer?phpwp footer(); divclass=”col-lg-8 col-md-10 mx-auto ” What is the difference between body and HTML?

The Bootstrap classes in our HTML tags, as well as thewp head() andwp footer() firewp head() andwp footer() action hooks, are all used.

As a result, our theme will have established aesthetics and responsiveness, and we will still have the option to customize it further.


When you purchase a professional WordPress theme, you will receive a file called functions.php. This is a file that serves as a substitute for the plugin archive. It enables us to integrate whatever unique feature we choose in our website theme. First and foremost, we’ll utilize this file to incorporate Bootstrap as well as the styles and scripts from our bootstrap theme: functionbsimple scripts() {wp enqueue style(‘bsimple-style’,get stylesheet uri());wp enqueue style(‘bsimple-clean’,get template directory uri().’/css/clean-blog.min.css’);wp enqueue style(‘bsimple-bootstrap’,get template directory uri().

  • ‘/js/jquery.min.js’);wp enqueue script(‘bsimple-bootstrap’,get template directory uri().’/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js’);wp enqueue script(‘bsimple-clean’,get template directory uri().
  • It allows us to determine the order in which the scripts will be enqueued (header vs footer) as well as the priority with which they will be enqueued.
  • Using this method, you may verify that resources are loaded in the proper sequence.
  • More information about it may be found in the Codex.
  • We hook our custombsimple scripts() function to the wp enqueue scriptsaction hook and use them to load our scripts and styles ().
  • The fact that we are loading styles from the Internet (Google fonts) and from our theme folder can be seen in the console.

In addition, we transfer our index.php code to the archive.php, page.php, and single.php files, which we will later edit. Now, the file structure of our theme will look something like the following:

Adjusting the Markup

Visiting our home page now will reveal the menu at the top of the page — albeit both it and the page remain in a state of disarray. This is because the following line in our header is still producing the menu wrapped indivand its ownultags, which means it is not impacted by our bootstrap styles: If you want to use phpwp nav menu, you may use the following code: array(“theme location”=”primary”, “items wrap”=’percent 3$s”); In order to resolve this, we must first go into our WordPress administration dashboard and build a new menu in the customizer.

  • Top Menu is the name we’ve chosen for it.
  • If you have any questions, please contact us at [email protected] phpwp nav menu(array(‘theme location”=”primary”,’items wrap”=”percent 3$s”));?
  • / ul phpwp nav menu(array(‘menu’=’Top Menu’,’items wrap’=’percent 3$s’,’container’=false,) phpwp However, we still need to applynav-itemandnav-link to our menu items, as the divtag and duplicate of theultag will be removed as a result of this action (toliandatags respectively).
  • This is not possible since wp nav menu does not offer any parameters.

In our functions.php file, we have the following code: functionadd menu link class($atts,$item,$args) {if($args-link class) {$atts=$args-link class;}return$atts;}add filter(‘nav menu link attributes’,’add menu link class’,1,3); functionadd menu list item class ($classes,$item,$args) {if($args-list item class){$classes=$args-list item class;}return$classes;}add filter(‘nav menu css class’,’add menu list item class’,1,3); In ourwp nav menuin ourheader.php, we may now define the following additional attributes: ulclass=”navbar-nav ml-auto “?phpwp nav menu ulclass=”navbar-nav ml-auto “?phpwp nav menu The following code is in place: (array(“menu”=”Top Menu”, “items wrap”=”percent 3$s”, “container”=false, “list item class’=”nav-item”, “link class’=”nav-link,”));?

  • / ul Since then, our top menu links may make use of the styles that have already been set in our Bootstrap theme’s CSS.
  • This will allow us to use a dynamic header — that is, a different header for the front page, for other selected pages, or for archives — for each of our pages.
  • Then we just fill in the various page or request situations with filler header HTML, which we’ll finish up later in the process.
  • In order for our main page to look beautiful even when a user is signed in, we must ensure that our dynamic top menu appears on the page as well.
  • Because it has the position: fixed property, it will overlay the top zone of our website, obscuring whatever is now visible, necessitating the usage of an offset for our top menu.
  • The CSS style sheet for the body of the logged-in admin bar is margin-top:32px;@mediascreenand (max-width:782px) The body.logged-in.admin-bar mainNav has a top margin of 46 pixels, and the mainNav has a bottom margin of 46 pixels.
  • WordPress adds the logged-inandadmin-barclasses to the body in certain situations, allowing us to easily target them.

This is necessary because WordPress outputs a bigger admin bar on mobile devices, and we must offer a 46px offset to accommodate this. We should now have a responsive dropdown menu driven by JavaScript that works on mobile devices:


During this second installment of our series on constructing a WordPress theme from scratch, we built a very basic WordPress theme and integrated Bootstrap styles and scripts into the design. We made changes to the menu output so that it corresponded to our specified styles. The header and footer output were likewise broken down and divided into their own partials. Another topic we covered and used to great effect was the functions.phpfile, which is a critical file in theme creation. The output of the header has been split into its own function, which will utilize information about the page visited as well as variables set by the site owner to decide the final output.

Three articles in this series cover the process of creating a WordPress theme from the ground up:

  • Understanding the structure of a topic
  • The fundamentals of a theme enhancing the theme’s clarity

Learn How to Create Your Own WordPress Theme from Scratch

Is it becoming difficult for you to locate the ideal WordPress theme? Make one for yourself and see how it turns out! Our YouTube channel now has a course that will teach you how to develop a custom WordPress theme. You can find it here. You will discover a method for converting any HTML/CSS template into a WordPress theme that can be used by anybody. Andrew Wilson walks you through the process of creating a WordPress theme in this free course. He will walk you through every step of the process, from determining which files and folders are necessary to creating your own 404 page.

  • Among other things, it has a home page with sliders and navigation, as well as comments with nested comments and static blog pages, as well as an archive page and contact us page.
  • A WordPress theme consolidates all of these components and organizes them into separate files.
  • You may view the entire course by clicking on the link below or by visiting the YouTube channel.
  • More than 40,000 people have benefited from freeCodeCamp’s open source curriculum, which has helped them land careers as developers.

How to Easily Create a Custom WordPress Theme (No Code)

Do you want to develop a completely unique WordPress theme from the ground up? In the past, creating a custom WordPress theme necessitated the completion of time-consuming WordPress tutorials and the possession of basic coding skills. However, owing to the introduction of new WordPress theme builders, you may now simply create one without having to learn any programming skills. Here, we’ll demonstrate how to quickly and easily design a customized WordPress theme without having to write any code.

  • Creating a Custom WordPress Theme for Beginners
  • Creating a Custom WordPress Theme with the SeedProd Theme Builder
  • Using the SeedProd Theme Builder to make changes to a theme
  • Changing the Site-Wide Design for Your Theme is an option. Custom WordPress Theme Installation and Publish Your Custom WordPress Theme Customizing Your WordPress Theme by Creating Additional Layouts

Ready? Let’s get this party started.

Video Tutorial

Ready? Let’s get this party going!

Creating a Custom WordPress Theme for Beginners

A theme is used to create the layout and design of a WordPress website. These themes are composed of template files that are written in PHP, HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, among other languages. Typically, to create a custom WordPress theme, you would need to have a solid grasp of all of these web design languages or pay a web developer to do the work for you. If you worked with a developer or an agency, the cost of a custom WordPress theme might easily run into the hundreds of dollars range. Because many small company owners couldn’t afford the exorbitant expenses of a bespoke WordPress theme, many of them had to make do with basic themes, which were available for free.

  • Even while WordPress theme frameworks have made the process of creating a WordPress theme easier, they are intended for developers rather than the typical website owner.
  • You couldn’t use them to create your own bespoke themes.
  • WordPress Theme Builder is the finest WordPress theme builder plugin because it allows you to quickly and simply design a custom WordPress theme without having to write any code.
  • It also has a new custom theme creator, which allows you to alter any element by just pointing and clicking on it with your mouse.
  • The most advantageous feature of the SeedProd theme builder is that it is not limited to a single theme.
  • With that stated, let’s have a look at how to develop your own custom WordPress theme without having to write any code at all.

Creating a Custom Theme with SeedProd Theme Builder

Because it works with any WordPress website and any theme, installing and configuring the SeedProd theme builder is a breeze. To begin, you must install and activate the SeedProdplugin on your computer. For further information, please refer to our step-by-step instructions on how to install a WordPress plugin (included). Please keep in mind that in order to use the theme builder, you must have at least the Pro or Elite subscription. To input your plugin license key, navigate to theSeedProd » Settings page after it has been activated.

Following the successful entry of your license key, you will be able to begin creating your own WordPress theme using the SeedProd theme builder.

In order to begin, you must first navigate to theSeedProd » Theme Builderpage.

The collection of templates for your current SeedProd custom theme may be found in this section. Because we haven’t begun yet, we just have a Global CSS template to work with. Later in the lesson, we’ll teach you how to make advantage of this. You have two choices on how to get started.

  • Consider beginning with a theme from the SeedProd library of pre-made designs. Creating theme templates from scratch by hand is an option.

Examine the operation of each of these alternatives. 1. Using a Pre-Configured Theme as a Base (Recommended) We recommend that you start with a pre-existing theme. SeedProd will be able to produce all of the template files as a result of this. The fact that they are fully-functioning, professionally-designed themes provides you an advantage when it comes to customizing the templates to your specific needs. Simply click on the Themes icon and select one of the themes that are currently available.

  1. At this time, you shouldn’t be concerned with the design or layout.
  2. SeedProd will generate all of the theme templates for you after you have selected a theme.
  3. Following this lesson, we’ll demonstrate how to update these theme files to create your theme, and then how to publish your theme so that it can be used on your website.
  4. Create Theme Templates From Scratch Using Manual Labor Alternatively, you may start from the beginning by selecting ‘Add New Theme Template’ from the drop-down menu on the right.
  5. As of right now, you have the choice of selecting one of the following template types:
  • Examine the operation of each of these choices in more detail below. 1. Using a Pre-Configured Theme to Begin (Recommended) We recommend that you start with a theme that has already been created. Thus, all of the template files are generated by SeedProd without any human intervention. The fact that they are fully-functioning, professionally-designed themes offers you a leg up in customizing the templates to meet your specific needs. Simply select one of the available themes by clicking on the Themes icon. For different types of websites, there are a variety of themes to pick from, so you can find one that best suits your requirements. At this stage, you shouldn’t be concerned about the design or layout. You may customize every feature of each of these themes using the theme builder, which is included with each. Upon selecting a theme, SeedProd will produce all of the theme templates for you to use. Your custom WordPress theme is currently in a draft version as shown below. At the end of this lesson, we’ll teach you how to alter these theme files in order to create your theme, and how to publish your theme in order to have it applied to your website. 2. Manually create the theme templates from the ground up. Alternatively, you may start from the beginning by selecting ‘Add New Theme Template’ from the drop-down menu in the theme options. To get started, you’ll need to give your template a name and select one of the available template types. The following template types are now available for you to pick from:
You might be interested:  How To Find A Wordpress Blog?

You may also specify the criteria under which a template should be used. Consider the possibility of applying it to your full website or just a certain portion of your website. Once you have saved the template, SeedProd will open it in the theme builder, allowing you to begin modifying it right away.

Editing a Theme with SeedProd Theme Builder

After you have created your theme templates, you may customize them by utilizing the SeedProd Theme Builder to make changes. To make changes to a template file, simply click on the Edit Design link that appears underneath it. The template file will be opened in the SeedProd theme builder as a result of this. With an editing panel in the left column, you’ll be able to see a live preview of the template in the right column while altering the template. The editing of an item in your template file is as simple as highlighting it and clicking on it.

  1. Fonts, colors, backgrounds, spacing, and other elements will all be customizable.
  2. It comes with a number of different block kinds that you can use to customize your template.
  3. Template Tag Blocks (also known as template tag blocks) Blocks containing template tag information are dynamic blocks that allow you to construct theme components from your WordPress database on the fly.
  4. 2.
  5. Among other things, you may use them to add text, media, buttons, columns, and dividers.
  6. Other Advanced BlocksYou may use other advanced blocks to add contact forms, social profiles, sharing buttons, WordPress shortcodes, Google Maps, and other features to your website.
  7. In order to incorporate WooCommerce blocks into your theme, you must be running an online store.
  8. Making Use of Sections to Create Quick Theme Layouts In addition to adding blocks to your theme design, you can also include whole sections.
  9. Sections are collections of blocks that are used to create various aspects of a website.
  10. Simply click on a section to include it in your theme template, and then customize it to meet your specific needs by editing it.

Creating a backup and publishing This Is Your Template You can save your template by simply clicking on the Save button and selecting Publish after you are through with the design. To change other template files with your own content and design requirements, repeat the procedure as needed.

Changing the Site-Wide Design for Your Theme

During the process of modifying your theme templates, you should make certain that your design is consistent throughout the whole website. For example, you’d most likely want to utilize the same typography style, font sizes, colors, and other visual designs on every page of your website, if possible. Previously, you had to do it manually by modifying extensive CSS files, which was not possible with WordPress themes. This procedure necessitated the use of a browser’s Inspect tool, the discovery of CSS classes, the study of code, and other steps.

Rather than creating CSS code, you may just change the Global CSS template, which saves time.

Applying and Publishing Your Custom WordPress Theme

Maintaining consistency in the style of your theme templates is important when customizing them for your website’s appearance. When designing a website, it’s probable that you’ll want to employ the same type style, font sizes, colors, and other visual elements on every page. Previously, you had to do it manually by modifying sophisticated CSS files, which was not possible in WordPress themes. A browser’s Inspect tool, identifying CSS classes, understanding code, and other tasks were necessary during this procedure.

To save time, you may simply change the Global CSS template rather than creating CSS code from scratch.

Creating Other Layouts for Your Custom WordPress Theme

As soon as you have completed the development of your custom WordPress theme, you will have the ability to expand its functionality as well as build other designs and layouts based on it. SeedProd makes it incredibly simple to do so. Nevertheless, you may make changes to your custom WordPress theme and build various templates for different areas of your website. For example, you could wish to include a new header template in your theme that is only visible on specified categories. Another example is the creation of a template for certain pages or articles on your website.

  • What do you think about designing customized landing pages?
  • To construct a landing page, just navigate to SeedProd » Landing Pages and click on the Add New Landing Page option.
  • You may quickly construct any sort of custom layout you want by utilizing SeedProd’s drag and drop theme builder, which is user-friendly for beginners.
  • You may also be interested in our tutorial on how to optimize your WordPress website for better search engine optimization and user experience.
  • On top of that, you can follow us on Twitter and Facebook.
  • This means that if you click on one of our affiliate links, we may receive a fee.

See how WPBeginner is supported, why it is important, and how you can help us by donating. The Editorial Staff at WPBeginner is a group of WordPress specialists, lead by Syed Balkhi, who provides guidance and support. Over 1.3 million readers around the world put their trust in us.

How to Create a WordPress Theme from Scratch

Time required to read: 7 minutes In continuation of the last post on “PSD to HTML,” this lesson will look at how to take an HTML/CSS template and transform it into a fully-functional WordPress theme using the jQuery framework. Although we tried our best, we couldn’t possibly cover all you can do when developing your own theme. In this section, we’ll look at how themes are organized, how core files are created, and how to break up the index.html file into smaller sections. Are you looking for a free WordPress theme to get you up and running quickly?

Overview – The Structure Of A Theme

The CSS file is where I prefer to start when creating a WordPress theme because it is quite straightforward. It contains all of the information about the WordPress theme that you should utilize. Afterwards, you’ll have index.php, which is basically the template file you’re using, complete with the PHP templatetags. Included in this package are the files header.php and footer.php, which are utilized throughout the whole site. Because WordPress allows you to use template files to arrange different types of content, most themes no longer rely solely on four files to accomplish their goals.

However, you may also construct your own, for example, if you wanted to create a page that had a completely different layout from the default one.

In the coming weeks, I will be working on converting the excellent template “Typography Paramount” by Six Shooter Media into a straightforward WordPress theme.

Step 1 – style.css

The style sheet is the file that defines the look and feel of a WordPress theme. There are only a few easy steps that you must take. After renaming the primary (if you have more than one) CSS file tostyle.css, you will need to add a few lines of comments to the file to finish it off. /* Theme name: Typography is the most important thing. Theme URI:Description: A template that is devoid of images and focuses on typography. Sam Parkinson is the author of this piece. URI of the author: Version: 1.0.

Because the code above is enclosed within a comment, it will have no effect on the style definitions.

Make sure it’s at the top of the file, with no blank spaces between it and the rest of the file.

I’ve also created a new folder called typography-paramount, which will contain the files that I’ll be uploading to the WordPress theme directory. Put the style sheet in this folder, not in any other directory, else WordPress will not be able to read the style sheet.

Step 2 – The Header and Footer

It is the style sheet that determines how your WordPress theme will look. Several straightforward tasks must be completed. After renaming the primary (if you have more than one) CSS file tostyle.css, you will need to add a few lines of comments to the file to complete the process. /* Typography Paramount is the theme for this week. An image-free design with a strong emphasis on typography (theme URI:Description). Mr. Parkinson is the author. URI of the author: Version: 1.0 (If applicable, provide general remarks and/or the license statement).

Now that I’ve filled it up with a few information, WordPress will be able to display the specifics of the theme to administrators.

That style sheet file from the template, which was originally named1.css, has since been renamed.

In this folder, do not place the style sheet under any other directory, otherwise WordPress will not be able to view it.


To begin with the header, create a new file in the theme folder calledheader.php, then open upindex.htmlfrom the template and copy the contents of it into the header file. Take into consideration that this will become the site’s header and will be shown on every page of the site while creating other layouts. DOCTYPE html PUBLIC “-/W3C/DTD XHTML 1.1/EN” DOCTYPE html PUBLIC “-/W3C/DTD XHTML 1.1/EN” “html en”headtitle – /titlemetacontent=”text/html; charset=utf-8″/link rel=”stylesheet” href=”css/1.css” “html en”headtitle – /titlemetacontent=”text/html; charset=utf-8″ type=”text/css” “screen, projection” /headbodydiv id=”wrapper”div id=”header”p class= “p class=”p class=”p class=”p class=”p class=”p” An imageless template that emphasizes typography./ph1a href=” ” Typography Paramount /a/h1ul id=”nav” Description: An imageless template that emphasizes typography.

lia href=” ” Link Here /a/lilia href=” ” class=”active” lia href=” ” link here /a/lilia href=” ” link here /a/lilia href=” ” class=”active” lia href=” ” link here /a/lilia href=” ” link here /a/lilia href=” ” link here /a The following links are provided: “Link Here/a/lilia href=” ” Link Here/a/lilia href=” ” Link Here /a/lilia href=” ” Link Here /a/lilia href=” ” Link Here /a/lilia href=” ” Link Here /a/lilia href=” ” Link Here /a/lilia href=” In this step, we’ll add the WordPress template tags to header.php, which will instruct WordPress where to inject the various pieces of information into the theme.

  • Please remember to update the URL pointing to the stylesheet.
  • ” /link rel=”stylesheet” href=”?php bloginfo(‘stylesheet url’);?
  • “screen,projection” /?php is an abbreviation.
  • P class=”wrapper”div id=”header”p class=”wrapper”div id=”wrapper”p class=”wrapper” “description”?php bloginfo(‘description’); “description”?php bloginfo(‘description’); ?/ph1a href=”?php echo get option(‘home’);?
  • In the WordPress Codex, you can find thorough documentation for all of the tags listed above.
  • language attributes() – This function prints the language type associated with thehtml element.
  • wp title() is a simple function that returns the title of the current page.

Obtains a value from the options database using the get option() function. wp list pages()- Lists links to the site’s pages; the parameters ensure that the pages are properly sorted and that WordPress does not print the site’s title by default.


Copy everything in the template from the div id=”footer” down to the end of the file and paste it into the footer.php file you just created. A dynamic footer that shows the proper year, site title, and a feed link is a typical feature in themes, so let’s include one here as well. div id=”footer” is a must-have! – Please keep this line in tact. Thank you. -p The template was created bya href=” Six Shooter Media /abr /!- you may remove the content below here. – ?php the time(‘Y’);?php bloginfo(‘name’);?br /a href=”?php bloginfo(‘rss2 url’);?

“> Take a look at the feed /a/p/div/div?php wp footer();?/body/html As a result, I’ve altered the footer to display the copyright icon, followed by the current year (?php the time(“Y”);?) and the URL of the site (?phpbloginfo(“url”);?) Afterwards, add a link to the RSS feed (?phpbloginfo(‘rss2 url’);?

When WordPress adds something to the bottom of the page, it calls wp footer(), which is most typically used by plugins to include things like site tracking code, among other things.

Step 3 – The Core File

We’re going to construct the index.php file right now.


Let’s get started with one of the two needed files for a WordPress theme (the other being style.css). This is the first of the two required files. Create the file and place it in the same folder as the others, then add the following to it. ?php get header();?php get footer();? Essentially, this instructs WordPress where to locate the header.php and footer.php files. Given that this is a two-part series, we’ll include the development of the sidebar in the following piece as well. You have the option of either leaving the div in as statichtml or just leaving it out, which is what I shall do in this case.

id of the div= “content”?php If (have posts()) is true: while (have posts()) is active: the post(); ?h2a href=href=href=href=href=”?php what is the permalink()?

  1. endwhile; else:?/p?php endwhile; ?h2 oops.
  2. We apologize, but no posts have been discovered.
  3. Thisloop is started with the first line of PHP, and it ends with the last line of PHP.
  4. As an additional feature, I’ve included a navigation link that will direct visitors to more articles without having to go through the archive.

In the next article, we will create the file upsingle.php, which will be displayed when a visitor clicks on the title of a blog post or page. In contrast to index.php, it will incorporate the commenting system.

Review – Does it Work?

If you didn’t forget to edit youindex.phpfile (oops!) you should now have four files in your theme. It should act as a straightforward but functional theme. Take a look at it in the new theme previewer that has been included in the newest WordPress version. After searching around, it appears that the only issue is with titles that are too lengthy, which can be easily remedied by adding the following to content h2 in the style sheet. the line height is 30 pixels; Continue reading Part 2 of this article.

The fact that there is always something to do makes it enjoyable for me.

PHP, HTML, and CSS are my areas of competence, yet I’m also an excellent man to have around when it comes to hardware.

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